Cyprus copyright laws are governed by the Copyright and Related Rights Law of 1976 (59/1976) commonly known as the ‘Copyright Law’, which has had various amendments over the years with the latest being in October 2022. The latest amendment transposed EU Directive 2019/790 into national law and aligns Cyprus Copyright Law with the European Union copyright directives.
This law provides protection for various forms of creative works including literary, musical, and artistic works, as well as films, sound recordings, and broadcasts. Under Cyprus copyright law, copyright protection lasts for the lifetime of the author plus 70 years. The law also provides for the enforcement of copyright through both civil and criminal means, and sets penalties for infringement, including fines and imprisonment. The Cyprus copyright law establishes a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of copyrighted works. The law applies to all types of works that are original, creative and fixed in any tangible form of expression, including traditional forms of expression (such as books, music, paintings) and modern forms of expression (such as computer programs, databases, and multimedia works).
Under the law, copyright owners have exclusive rights to control and benefit from the use of their works, including the right to reproduce, distribute, perform, and display the work publicly. In addition, they have the right to authorize others to use their works and to receive compensation for such use.
The law also provides exceptions to these exclusive rights, including fair use for the purpose of criticism, news reporting, research, and education. This means that individuals and organisations may use copyrighted works without the permission of the copyright owner in these limited circumstances, as long as they are using the work for the purpose of criticism, news reporting, research, or education and as long as they give proper credit to the original author.
Infringement of copyright is considered a criminal offence under the law and can result in fines and/or imprisonment. Civil remedies are also available to copyright owners, including the right to seek damages and/or an injunction to prevent further infringement.
Overall, the Cyprus copyright law provides a strong and comprehensive legal framework for the protection of copyrighted works, while balancing the interests of copyright owners with those of the general public.